Himachal Assembly to Discuss ‘Mass Conversion’ Bill

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A bill introduced to make a specific mention of “mass conversion” in an existing law that forbids change of religion through force or allurement and to enhance punishment will be discussed in the Himachal Pradesh assembly on the last day of its Monsoon Session on Saturday. The Jai Ram Thakur-led government had introduced The Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion (Amendment) Bill, 2022, on Friday. It is a more stringent version of The Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act, 2019, which came into force just a little over 18 months ago.

The 2019 bill was notified only on December 21, 2020 – 15 months after it was passed in the state assembly. The 2019 version had in turn replaced a 2006 law, which prescribed lesser punishments. The amendment bill proposes to increase the punishment for forced conversions to a maximum of 10 years from a maximum of seven years.

It stipulates that the complaints made under the Act will be investigated by a police officer not below the rank of a sub inspector. The offences will now be tried by a sessions court. “In order to make the Act more effective, some minor changes are being made in the punishment clauses,” the chief minister had said while introducing the bill on Friday.

The Act prohibits conversion by misrepresentation, force, undue influence, coercion, inducement, marriage or any fraudulent means. Any marriage for the sole purpose of conversion is declared “null and void” under Section 5 of the Act. This and almost all other provisions remain unchanged in the proposed amendment to the law, introduced in the House just months before the state goes to polls.

The law in the state requires anyone seeking to convert to give a month’s notice to the district magistrate mentioning that they wish to changing their religion on their own. The provision in the 2019 Act figured in the 2006 law as well and was challenged in court.

The priest who performs a conversion ceremony will also give a month’s notice. Those reconverting to their parent religion are exempted from this provision. Introducing the bill on Friday, the chief minister had said the 2019 Act did not have a provision to curb mass conversion, and “therefore, a provision to this effect is being made.” The bill seeks to amend sections 2,4,7 and 13 and insert section 8A in the 2019 Act.

Under the bill, “mass conversion” takes place when two or more people are converted at the same time. The maximum punishment under the this draft law is 10 years, up from seven in the 2019 Act and three in the old Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act, 2006, which was on similar lines.

The current law says no person or organisation violating its provisions will be allowed to accept a donation or contribution of any kind from within or outside the country. The 2006 law was brought by Virbhadra Singh’s Congress government. The 2019 version introduced by the BJP government was passed unanimously.

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